Egalitarian (ĭ-găl’ĭ-târ’ē-ən) refers to systems or societies where people are treated equally and have the same political, civil, economic and social rights. The word comes from the French égalité, which means equality.
Japan is one of the most egalitarian of the world’s rich societies, yet it now has one of the largest shares of “working poor”—people who have jobs but can barely make ends meet. (The Economist)
It is egalitarian to put anyone who can float in a swimming gala, but it is not fair to those who can swim and want to compete. (Daily Mail)