Varying Degrees of Stupid
As I browse the Web, skimming comments on various topics, one word comes up again and again: stupid.
There’s no end of people or things that some grump somewhere is calling stupid in speech or in writing. For example:
The government is stupid.
Women are stupid.
Men are stupid.
April Fool’s Day is stupid.
Handwriting is stupid.
Classical music is stupid.
Riding a bicycle is stupid.
What a waste!
English speakers are blessed with dozens of words that convey numerous shades of stupidity.
First, let’s look at the meaning of stupid. Some speakers regard it as the opposite of intelligent, but that’s misleading. Intelligent people often say and do stupid things.
Stupid derives from the Latin adjective stupidus, which in turn comes from the Latin verb stupere, “to be stunned or benumbed.” English stupid is still used with that meaning. For example, a person might be “stupid from a blow to the head,” “stupid with grief,” “stupid with sleep,” “stupid from lack of sleep,” or “stupid with drink.” In these contexts, the stupidity is temporary. It refers to an impaired ability to think and react normally.
More commonly, applied to a person, stupid means “slow of mental perception.” A stupid person is slow-witted, lacking in quickness of mind. Applied to an idea or a thing, stupid means that the thing is dull, uninteresting, or ill-considered.
Numerous synonyms for stupid exist.
When the intention is to point out a lapse of judgment or careful thought, these are useful options in serious discussions of literature, personal relationships, and public affairs:
Some terms common in colloquial speech are considered inappropriate for formal use because they derive from terms once used to describe types of mental deficiencies. For example:
Note: The words ignorant and dumb are also used colloquially to mean “mentally slow,” but they are unfortunate choices. Everyone is ignorant in some areas. All ignorant means is “lacking in knowledge.” Likewise, dumb has a meaning unrelated to intellectual ability: “unable to speak.” An intelligent, well-informed person may for some reason lack the ability to speak.
Some words that name impaired thinking also connote ridicule and disdain:
Finally a few adjectives convey the idea of stupidity without the sting of ridicule—among friends, at least. Here are some:
Admission: Even with all these options, sometimes stupid is the only word that satisfies the feelings of the speaker. For example, “This stupid app keeps crashing!”
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