Sideways and Clockwise
A reader seeks to understand two uses of the English word wise:
Can you please suggest how can we use the word “wise”. The meaning of “wise” is related to wisdom (Having or prompted by wisdom or discernment).
But some times I use this when some thing needs to be done in a way. for e.g. day wise, company wise, team wise and so on.
Old English had two similarly spelled words derived from the same ProtoGermanic source:
wis: learned, wise
wise: manner, way
It also had two verbs from the same source:
witan: to know
wisian: to direct or to guide
The word wise in the sense of “manner” survived in two suffix forms: -wise and -ways, giving us such words as always, sideways, likewise and otherwise.
Here’s Fowler’s note on these suffixes:
1. The ending -ways or occasionally -way, is often used indifferently with -wise, & is very seldom the only form without one in -wise by its side–perhaps only in always.
2. In a few established words, -wise is alone, esp. clockwise, coastwise, likewise, otherwise, sunwise.
3. In other established words both forms are used, as breadth-, broad-, end-, least-, length-, long-, no-, side-, slant-.
4. In words made for the occasion from nouns, as in Use it clubwise or pokerwise, Go crabwise or frogwise, Worn cloakwise or broochwise or chainwise . . , -wise is now much the commoner.
Fowler was writing about 80 years ago, but his observations remain valid.Recommended for you: « Confusing “Passed” with “Past” »
Subscribe to Receive our Articles and Exercises via Email
- You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per day, guaranteed!
- Subscribers get access to our exercise archives, writing courses, writing jobs and much more!
- You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free!
2 Responses to “Sideways and Clockwise”
I’m reminded of a phrase from an old movie that a friend just said to me the other day: “That’s the way it crumbles, cookie-wise.” A clever twist on the usual wording, I think!
How about the misuse of ‘wise’ as in:
‘I don’t have anything food-wise to bring to the party’
‘What’s it going to do weather-wise?’
‘Clothing-wise, I have a lot of old sweaters to contribute.’
Unfortunately, I could go on, but those are good enough example-wise.