English Grammar 101: Prepositions

By Daniel Scocco

Prepositions are used to link nouns and pronouns to other words within a sentence. The words linked to are called objects.

Usually prepositions show a spatial or temporal relationship between the noun and the object, like in the example below:

The cat is under the table.

Cat is the noun. Under is the preposition. Table is the object.

Here is a list with the most common prepositions: about, above, after, among, around, along, at, before, behind, beneath, beside, between, by, down, from, in, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, over, through, to, up, upon, under, and with.

Notice that you can also have a prepositional phrase, which is formed by the preposition and its object. A preposition phrase can function as adverb, adjective or noun. For example:

The dog was running under the rain.

The prepositional phrase “under the rain” acts as an adverb, specifying where the dog was running.

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32 Responses to “English Grammar 101: Prepositions”

  • Berhane

    I want to know the usage of on,off,at,through,to,into,up, upon, with, and the rest of prepositions.

  • Cheryl Haium

    I remember learning a complete list of prepositions by my wonderful 8th grade English teacher, Mrs. Carlie, at Warner Junior High School in Wilmington, Delaware, back in the early 1960’s. She made us learn them in order and started like this (i think): “In, out, inside, outside, up, down, above, below, to, for with, from, by, within, without, through, throughout…” I can’t remember the rest. Can anyone? Also, a few years ago, a co-worker recited a different order. I’d be interested in both jingles.

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