English Grammar 101: Prepositions
Prepositions are used to link nouns and pronouns to other words within a sentence. The words linked to are called objects.
Usually prepositions show a spatial or temporal relationship between the noun and the object, like in the example below:
The cat is under the table.
Cat is the noun. Under is the preposition. Table is the object.
Here is a list with the most common prepositions: about, above, after, among, around, along, at, before, behind, beneath, beside, between, by, down, from, in, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, over, through, to, up, upon, under, and with.
Notice that you can also have a prepositional phrase, which is formed by the preposition and its object. A preposition phrase can function as adverb, adjective or noun. For example:
The dog was running under the rain.
The prepositional phrase “under the rain” acts as an adverb, specifying where the dog was running.
Here are some quotations from newspapers that illustrate the usage of prepositions:
… and sewer pipes over the next decade.It is a battle of titans, raging just inches beneath our feet.“Things are moving so fast,” said Reese Tisdale, president of … (www.nytimes.com)
… he committed. In rejecting a monarchy, it is clear that the founding fathers had no intention of placing a president above the law.The time has come to subpoena Mr. Trump and let the courts determine … (www.nytimes.com)
… down on the new industry.For a time on Wednesday, the price of Bitcoin dipped below $10,000 — taking it down to about half what it was at its peak last month. … (www.nytimes.com)