English Grammar 101: Adverbs

By Daniel Scocco

Adverbs are used to describe or modify a verb, adjective, clause, or another adverb. Basically, they modify everything except nouns and pronouns (which are modified by adjectives).

Example of an adverb modifying a verb:

He was running fast. (fast modifies running)

Example of an adverb modifying an adjective:

She took a very small piece of the cake. (very modifies small)

Example of an adverb modifying a sentence:

Strangely, the man left the room. (strangely modifies the whole sentence)

Usually adverbs answer to the questions “When?” (adverbs of time), “Where?” (adverbs of place), and “How?” (adverbs of manner).

Adverbs can also be used to connect clauses and sentences (in this case they are called conjunctive adverbs). For example:

It was dark. Therefore, we needed the torch. (therefore connects the two sentences)

16 Responses to “English Grammar 101: Adverbs”

  • Lojka

    Strangely, the man left the room. (strangely modifies the whole sentence)
    Weird sentence. An adverb cannot modify the whole sentence, otherwise it’s a modal word or parethesis to be more precise. Most of modal words developed from adverbs but they have only formal identity.
    The whole fact that he left was strange, or the manner he left was strange?

  • sajid Hussain

    I need complete advers words list

  • sarah-jane galbraith

    Any thoughts on beginning a sentence with “Therefore, …”, “However, …” and so on? I’ve always found it somewhat ugly, but I see it around so often that I’m beginning to wonder whether it’s now acceptable!

  • jamestown

    idk the adverbs and we need to do all of the 26 adverbs but he dont give us the book ( my english teacher ) because there is 1 book for each student but the prob is the books are only 25 of them so can u help me out and give them to me

  • Mickey

    I’m tring to learning Grammar Engligh, now. Could you show me how to learn it better?

  • steven Mankina

    Hi Daniel,
    Thank you so much, for the all tips especially for this website. God bless you.

  • Maridelia Graner

    I´d like to know if I can use the connector THEREFORE instead of THUS in the sentence below and if not, why?

    ” Since the book Silent Spring made people see that whatever they did to nature they were also doing to themselves, their blind faith in science and industry was shaken. THUS, our modern era of environmental awareness was launched.

  • Gary Porter

    I was taught that conjunctive adverbs – therefore, however, hence, etc – connected two complete sentences that were a continuation of the same thought and separated them with a semi-colon. “It was dark; therefore, we needed the torch.” It almost seems the semi-colon has died.

  • Daniel Scocco

    My pleasure Jay.

  • Jay Wagers

    This is a good, simple article. But, the reason I’m responding is to thank you for jolting my memory for a post I wanted write concerning conjunctive adverbs and the problems I’ve noticed lately with their use. Thanks.

  • Daniel Scocco

    We will arrive there 🙂 .

  • temp-


    what about a pasive form lesson? im pretty bad with the have,had,has and all of that

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