Confused Words Exercise (326)
In each sentence, choose the correct word from the pair of similar terms. (If both words possibly can be correct, choose the more plausible one.)
Answers and Explanations
1. I don’t trust him; I certainly don’t want to help him further his plans.
Both farther and further may function as either an adjective or an adverb, but only further is standard when used as a verb.
2. We watched the balloon rise in the air.
Rise is intransitive; raise is transitive. Ex. "We watched the workmen raise the balloon to the platform."
3. Here’s the flower arrangement; set it on the counter for now.
Sit is intransitive: a person sits. Set is transitive: one sets (places) something somewhere.
4. If you don’t want to lose your dog, have a microchip implanted.
Lose is a verb. Loose may be used as a verb in the sense of "set free," but most commonly it occurs as an adjective: "Since I lost weight, these jeans are loose on me."
5. I work so hard during the week, I just want to lie around on the weekend.
Lay is transitive and should therefore have an object: "Lay the book on the table." Lie is intransitive; it does not take an object.