Perfect Tenses Exercise (251)

Replace the verbs in parentheses (removing the parentheses) in the following sentences with either the present perfect (has or have + past participle) or past perfect (had + past participle) tenses. If the response is negative, add the word not or never as appropriate.

Answers and Explanations

1.
Original: What is your opinion of Middlemarch by George Eliot? I don’t have an opinion. I (read) that novel.
Correct : What is your opinion of Middlemarch by George Eliot? I don’t have an opinion. I have never read that novel.

The action of not reading the book happened at an unspecified time before the present, so the present perfect is called for.

2.
Original: My granddaughter came to see me last summer. I was amazed at how much she (grow).
Correct : My granddaughter came to see me last summer. I was amazed at how much she had grown.

The visit was completed in the past so the past perfect is called for with grow.

3.
Original: He (write) three novels since beginning his career three years ago.
Correct : He has written three novels since beginning his career three years ago.

The implication is that he is still writing; hence the present perfect is called for.

4.
Original: My aunt is from Nevada. She (see) the ocean. That’s why I’m inviting her to travel to California with us.
Correct : My aunt is from Nevada. She has never seen the ocean. That’s why I’m inviting her to travel to California with us.

The present perfect is required because the aunt still hasn’t seen the ocean; the action of not seeing the ocean is ongoing.

5.
Original: I warned him to wear the glasses, but he refused, and now he (strike) with snow blindness.
Correct : I warned him to wear the glasses, but he refused, and now he has been stricken with snow blindness.

The action took place in the past, but is ongoing. The verb is in the passive voice so the helping verb been is required along with the present perfect tense.

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