Formatting Book Titles in the Digital Age

By Maeve Maddox

A reader wonders why he is seeing book titles presented in all capitals:

I’ve even seen publishers and editors do it, so I started thinking maybe I was misinformed.

Typing book titles in all caps is a peculiarity of the publishing industry. According to The Chicago Manual of Style, the practice originated in the days of the typewriter when titles that are now easily italicized on a computer had to be underscored; typing the title in all caps for industry correspondence and interdepartmental memos saved time.

The all-caps practice has continued into the digital age, perhaps because early email programs transformed italics into gibberish; typing titles in all capitals insured that they would be readable. Most of today’s email programs handle italics perfectly well, but the practice persists. Many sites offering advice to writers recommend the all-caps approach when corresponding with publishers and agents. Here’s an example from a model query letter on the Writer’s Digest site:

I’m currently seeking representation for my YA [Young Adult] novel, FALLS THE SHADOW. Given your interest in science fiction, I thought it might be a good fit for your list.

CMOS does not approve, not even for email. Their recommendation “when italic type is unavailable” is to type an underscore at the beginning of the title and another at the end of the title, as in this example:

When I first read _The History of the Siege of Lisbon_, I was so grateful to discover a book about a proofreader that Saramago’s hypnotic stringing together of sentences nearly sent me into an ecstatic trance.

Here is the CMOS stance on the formatting of titles of creative works:

1. The titles of novels, long poems, movies, and television series are italicized.

The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (a novel)
Flowers for Algernon (a novella, but still long enough to warrant an italicized title)
Paradise Lost (a poem of about 10,000 lines)
Enoch Arden (a poem of about 900 lines)
To Have and Have Not (a movie)
Downton Abbey (a television series)

2. The titles of short stories, short poems, songs, chapter titles, and television episodes are enclosed in double quotation marks.

“Lucy Looks into a Wardrobe” (chapter title from The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe)
“Ulysses” (short poem of 73 lines)
“Deus ex Machina” (episode title of television series Person of Interest)
“When You Wish upon a Star” (song)

Note: British usage prefers single quotation marks (e.g., ‘Ulysses’).

As with certain other matters concerning mechanics, The Associated Press Stylebook does not concur with CMOS.

AP style recommends enclosing the titles of all of the following in quotation marks:

books
computer games
movies
operas
plays
poems
albums
songs
radio and television programs
lectures
speeches
works of art

AP does not enclose the following works in quotation marks:

the Bible
catalogs
almanacs
directories
dictionaries
encyclopedias
gazetteers
handbooks
software programs

As with apostrophe use, it’s up to the writer to choose a style guide to follow. Writers in search of publication are probably wise to do as the Romans do.

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7 Responses to “Formatting Book Titles in the Digital Age”

  • Bill

    Do what the publisher you want to publish you does is always the best advice, but the AP style of quoting creative works is the simplest rule to follow. Many, however, would argue with the degree of creativity in the Bible and software programs.

  • Michael N. Marcus

    You can use CMOS, AP, another style or a mix — but be consistent within one book, blog, website, letter, email or article.

  • Marilynn Byerly

    I use all caps for book titles on services like YahooGroups and in emails because italics often disappear. If I’m talking about a book, I want people to recognize the title.

  • AnWulf

    Having learn’d typing on a typewriter back in the day, I hav no problems with anyone typing a title in all caps. For true, it is still tad faster to do so as one only needs to tap the ‘caps lock’ key, type the title, and tap the key again. Even if I note the key commands to kick the typing over to italics, it is still slower and a tad awkwarder than tapping the CAPS LOCK key.

    It’s often faster online as well when blogging when one must type word to get italics.

  • AnWulf

    Yike … I didn’t know that I could get italics on this site with the html code … Learn somthing new everyday.

    So, the above should look somthing like ” type word “.

    This site does need an edit button.

  • AnWulf

    OK … third try is the charm word (without the * and a /i in the 2nd set).

  • AnWulf

    Third time wasn’t the charm I’ll write: “write {i}word{/i}” where {} are for the html code brackets.

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