Lesson 1: Review of Tense Usage

As you learned in the previous modules, there are six verb tenses, each of which can be expressed in simple and continuous (progressive) forms. In total, you have reviewed 12 different ways to properly use and write verb tenses. 

Use this chart to review each:

The Simple and Continuous Forms of Verb Tenses

Verb TenseFormulaExample
Simple PresentSubject + Verb (s/es) + ObjectShe writes history textbooks for a living. 
Simple PastSubject + Verb (-ed) + ObjectShe wrote about the US Constitution last year. 
Simple FutureSubject + will + verb base formOrSubject + am/is/are + going to + root form verbShe will write about Roman expansion next year. Or She is going to write about Roman expansion next year. 
Present ContinuousSubject + am/is/are + -ing form of the verbShe is writing a newsletter about rare coins. 
Past ContinuousSubject + was/were + -ing form of the verbShe was updating information in her newsletter.
Future ContinuousSubject + will be + -ing form of the verbShe will be publishing a new book soon. 
Present PerfectSubject + have/has + past participle of the verbShe has written for many years. 
Past PerfectSubject + had + past participle verb formShe had written her first article by the time she was eighteen. 
Future PerfectSubject + will have + past participle verb formShe will have published eight books by the time she is 40. 
Present Perfect ContinuousSubject + has/have + been + present participle verb She has been writing for over two decades.
Past Perfect ContinuousSubject + had been + present participle verbShe had been giving speeches on history when her first book was published. 
Future Perfect ContinuousSubject + will have been + present participle verbBy the end of this year, she will have been writing about history for over two decades.