How to Use Sensory Details in Descriptive Writing and Why You Should

Good writing does more than just narrate events or convey information. It brings the world to life for your readers, helping them visualize and experience the scenes and characters you’re describing. One of the most powerful ways to accomplish this is with something called sensory details in descriptive writing.

What Is Descriptive Writing?


It’s a style of writing that uses vivid wordage to create a picture of a scene, object, person or emotion for your reader. By using carefully chosen details and presenting them well-structured, you can immerse readers in different worlds, making them feel like they’re a part of the story rather than just reading it.

Why You Need Descriptive Writing

There’s no doubt about it. Descriptive writing brings words to life. It’s the tool that allows authors to move beyond simple factual statements and create a rich, immersive environment.

Descriptive writing deepens readers’ understanding and emotional connection to the story by triggering their senses. It can transform a simple narration of events into a vibrant, evocative experience that sticks with the reader long after they’ve put down the book.

Just think about books you’ve read in the past. Some were probably boring. But I bet some have stuck with you over the years—ones that sucked you in and made you fall in love with the characters and the locations they’re in.

What Are Sensory Details?

Sensory details are bits of information that appeal to our five senses: sight, sound, smell, touch and taste. They’re the spices that add flavor to your writing, making it more engaging, memorable and relatable for people to read.

The Difference That Sensory Details Make

Sensory details make your writing more compelling and immersive. They can transform a simple sentence like “She entered the room” into a vivid scene.

Rewritten with descriptive words: “She pushed open the creaking oak door, stepping into a room soaked with the musk of old books and worn-out leather.”

The difference is clear. The second sentence tells you that she entered the room and provides a vivid picture of the experience: you can hear the creaking door, see the old books, and smell the musty scent. Note how the sensory details involve the reader on a deeper, more intimate level.

Using the Five Senses in Writing


Sight is usually the most used sense in writing. It creates visual imagery that helps readers picture the scene.

“The sun had set, bathing the cityscape in hues of orange and purple.”


Most sounds help set the mood and bring dynamism to a scene.

“The leaves rustled in the breeze, and a lone wolf howled in the distance.”


Use the sense of smell to evoke powerful memories and reactions.

“Her home was filled with the rich aroma of roasted espresso beans and freshly baked, homemade bread like her nana used to make.”


Describing touch can make your scene more tangible for the person reading it.

“The woolen blanket was rough against her skin but warmed in the chilly night.”


This is another popular sense used in descriptive writing. Taste can add richness and depth to your writing, especially in food-related scenes.

“The chocolate cake was sinfully delicious, with a gooey, fudgy center and a light, fluffy exterior.”

Test Your Skills!

Using sensory details in your writing is like adding color to a black-and-white sketch. It breathes life into your words, making your descriptions more immersive and impactful. Practice employing these details; your readers will be more engaged and connected to your narrative.

Exercise: Enhancing Descriptions With Sensory Details

Take the following basic sentence and enhance it using sensory details:

“She ate breakfast.”

Answer Key Answers will vary depending on what you choose to add. An example could be: “She savored her breakfast, the sweet, tart taste of the ripe strawberries mixing with the creamy, velvety yogurt, while the aroma of fresh coffee filled the sunlit room.”