The Many Ways of “Via”

By Mark Nichol - 2 minute read

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Via, the Latin word for “way,” is also the basis of many words, many of them disguised, that refer to movement or the way things move (or act). This post lists and defines terms derived from via.

In English, via itself often replaces “by way of” in writing in reference to traveling, though it is seldom employed in conversation. Words in which via is the first element include viaduct, which describes a raised watercourse, and viaticum, which refers to an allowance or provisions for a journey, or the ritual offering of Communion given to someone on the verge of death (the plural is viaticums or viatica). A viatical settlement (the phrase is sometimes simplified to viatical) is an insurance agreement pertaining to a death benefit.

Voyage, too, stems from via by way of French. Someone who voyages is a voyager; the French equivalent, voyageur, describes someone employed to transport goods for a fur-trapping company, especially in colonial Canada.

Other words derived from via include deviate (literally, “turn out of the way”), which means “differ from the norm” or “leave the expected course.” As a noun, the word describes a sexual pervert, though deviant is more commonly employed for that meaning; deviant is also an adjective in this context, while devious describes someone who is cunning or deceitful (although it is used, albeit rarely, as a synonym for errant, roundabout, or remote). Deviation describes a departure or difference, and deviance pertains to perversion.

Convey and convoy (“with way”) both refer to carrying away, but to convey is to bear, deliver, impart, or pass, while convoy means “accompany,” especially for protection, and as a noun refers to the act of accompanying for protection, or one or more people or things that provide such protection, usually in the context of a group of vehicles or vessels.

An envoy (“way in”) is a messenger or a representative from one government to another; the word may refer to someone with a particular diplomatic rank. It may also pertain to concluding remarks to a poem, song, or other composition, though the French spelling envoi is usually employed in that sense. Invoice, meanwhile, is not related to voice; it stems from the otherwise obsolete “message” sense of envoi.

Pervious (“way through”) means “accessible” or “permeable,” though its antonym, impervious, is much more common. Previous (“way before”), meanwhile, means “prior” or, rarely, “premature.” An instance of being previous is previousness, and the adverbial form is previously.

To obviate (“get in the way of”) is to prevent or to make unnecessary (an act of doing so is obviation), while obvious means “easily seen or understood,” and the noun form is obviousness.

Quadrivium (“four ways”) and trivium (“three ways”) refer to the division of the seven classical literal arts. (The former comprises arithmetic, astronomy, geometry, and music, and the latter consists of grammar, logic, and rhetoric.) Trivium also, in Latin, referred to a three-way crossing, where information might be posted—or passed on by travelers meeting at the intersection. From that idea, English acquired trivia, meaning “inconsequential information.”

The adjective trivial pertains to such information but also has the broader senses of “unimportant” and “ordinary”; to portray something substantial as trivial is to trivialize it, and the noun form triviality denotes the quality or state of being trivial or something trivial. (Trifle, meaning “something trivial” and the name of a type of dessert, though it appears as if it could be related to trivial, is actually from an Anglo-French word, by way of Old English, meaning “nonsense.”)


8 Responses to “The Many Ways of “Via””

  • D.A.W.

    There is an airline in the United States called VIA Air, established in 1997, but it only has 12 aircraft. It mostly flies in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. See it in the Wikipedia.

  • D.A.W.

    Venqax, I disagree completely with this: “They are different names for the same place, not different pronunciation for the same name.”
    Wien and Vienna are the same name for the same place, just expressed in different languages, and hence spelled and pronounced differently.
    The same situation holds for “Nippon” and “Japan”,
    and “Korea” and “Coree” (which is how the French spell it),
    and “Munchen” and “Munich”, and “Koln” and “Cologne”,
    and “Atlanta” and “Etlanna”, and “Roma”, “Rom”, and “Rome”,
    On the other hand, there are names for the same place that really are different:
    St. Petersburg and Leningrad,
    Volgograd and Stalingrad,
    York, Ontario, and Toronto,
    Edinburgh and Dunedin,
    New Amsterdam and New York.

  • venqax

    Vienna is an exonym. It is the English name for the city. It has no necessary connection to Wien, the native German name for the city, though the 2 are obviously from the same root. The word Vienna is pronounced vee-EN-uh in English, and would be pronounced something like FEE-nah in German. Wien is pronounced VEEN in German, and in English would be pronounced like “wine” or “ween”. They are different names for the same place, not different pronunciation for the same name.

  • D.A.W.

    Venqax, something that we are practically guaranteed in English is exceptions in pronunciations.
    Try out the word “Vienna”, the capital city of Austria, pronounced “Vee-EN-uh”. In Germany, this name is spelled “Wien” and pronounced “veen” (one syllable).
    In electronics engineering, there is a kind of wiring connection called a “via” and pronounced “vee-uh”.
    Therefore, under these odd exceptions, I think that for “via”, either “vee-uh” or “vye-uh” are all right.

  • D.A.W.

    Venqax, when you write a capital I in italic (I guess), it looks like a / .
    So you typed “pronounce an / like an /”, which says, “pronounce an slash like an slash”. Don’t do this!
    Else, you were trying to put “like an” in between two slashes: / like an / ,
    just like /insert/, /delete/, or /underline/ in computerese, or in linguistics like /v/, or in the aircraft designations F/A-18D Hornet and V/STOL.

  • venqax

    And, for reasons not fit on this page, it is pronounced (in SAE) VYE-ə. Rhymes with hi ya. Not VEE-ə. It’s an I, not an E. We are speaking English. It’s okay to pronounce an I like an I. Really.

  • D.A.W.

    Very questionable statement concerning “via”:
    “seldom employed in conversation”.
    Common!
    Mr. A: “Everywhere I want to travel, I have to fly via Chicago or Atlanta.”
    Ms. B: “You’re right! When I die, I don’t know whether I will go to Heaven or to Hell, but I know that I will fly via Atlanta!”

  • D.A.W.

    “Trifle”, meaning “something trivial” and the name of a type of dessert, though it appears as if it could be related to trivial, is actually from an Anglo-French word, by way of Old English, meaning “nonsense.”

    This kind of a sentence wanders along the course of the Mississippi River, and it implies that the meaning of the kind of dessert is nonsense!

    Well, what kind of nonsense would you like to have for dessert tonight?
    I suggest crabapples, eye of newt, lizard’s tongue, rutabagas, sauerkraut, and/or turnips.

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