Parallel Structure Exercise (473)

Pick the sentence version where the listed elements are consistent in grammatical structure.

    1.
    They are allowed to bypass lines, given preferential seating at air shows, and other assorted benefits.
    They are allowed to bypass lines, are given preferential seating at air shows, and are afforded other assorted benefits.

    2.
    If you have a passion for technology, marketing, writing, and you want to work with others like you on cutting-edge campaigns, we’re the place for you.
    If you have a passion for technology, marketing, and writing and you want to work with others like you on cutting-edge campaigns, we’re the place for you.

    3.
    We recommend always carrying plenty of water, extra layers, some snacks and being extra mindful of your surroundings and how much daylight you have left.
    We recommend always carrying plenty of water, extra layers, and some snacks and being extra mindful of your surroundings and how much daylight you have left.

    4.
    If you’re up for a long drive and a lengthy hike and if the weather cooperates, it’s hard to beat this trail.
    If you’re up for a long drive, a lengthy hike, and if the weather cooperates, it’s hard to beat this trail.

    5.
    These include mothers who have at least a master’s degree, an annual family income of $75,000 or more, and a working husband and who state that they are out of the workforce in order to care for their family.
    These include mothers who have at least a master’s degree; an annual family income of $75,000 or more; a working husband; and who state that they are out of the workforce in order to care for their family.

Answers and Explanations

1. They are allowed to bypass lines, are given preferential seating at air shows, and are afforded other assorted benefits.
The first two items have associated verbs, but the final item lacks one, so a verb must be introduced.

2. If you have a passion for technology, marketing, and writing and you want to work with others like you on cutting-edge campaigns, we’re the place for you.
The three subjects constitute one larger item, and the desire to work with people with like minds is another item parallel to it, rather than a fourth item after the three subjects, so a conjunction is needed before the last of the three subjects, and the comma following that word is superfluous.

3. We recommend always carrying plenty of water, extra layers, and some snacks and being extra mindful of your surroundings and how much daylight you have left.
As in the previous example, the last element in the first grouping must be preceded by a conjunction, and the comma following that element should be deleted.

4. If you’re up for a long drive and a lengthy hike and if the weather cooperates, it’s hard to beat this trail.
The second item needs its own verb, or, as shown in the revision, it can be combined grammatically with the first item.

5. These include mothers who have at least a master’s degree, an annual family income of $75,000 or more, and a working husband and who state that they are out of the workforce in order to care for their family.
This sentence’s grammatical structure does not necessitate semicolons, but because the first three items, as a group, are parallel in structure with the final phrase of the sentence (the two instances of "who" signal the beginning of each of the two elements), the last of the three items in the group must be preceded by a conjunction, and no punctuation should follow the item.

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