Hyphenation Exercise (433)
In each sentence, insert a hyphen in the phrasal adjectival if it is required.
Answers and Explanations
Original: His long awaited novel has finally been published.
Correct : His long-awaited novel has finally been published.
Because "long" and awaited" combine to modify "novel," they should be linked with a hyphen.
Original: I attended my high school reunion last weekend.
Correct : I attended my high school reunion last weekend.
"High school" is one of a class of terms called permanent open compounds, which are found in dictionaries and are so common as to be clear in meaning without the necessity of an inserted hyphen.
Original: The middle aged demographic includes people ages 45–64.
Correct : The middle-aged demographic includes people ages 45–64.
"Middle" and "aged" together modify "demographic" and should be hyphenated.
Original: Before she starred in the movie, she was not very well known.
Correct : Before she starred in the movie, she was not very well known.
"Well known" is a phrasal adjective, but when a phrasal adjective follows the noun it modifies (or, in this case, the noun is omitted but implied), a hyphen is generally not used.
Original: He was a widely respected researcher.
Correct : He was a widely respected researcher.
The phrasal adjective in this sentence includes an adverb, "widely"; adverbs are never hyphenated.