Hyphenation Exercise (433)

In each sentence, insert a hyphen in the phrasal adjectival if it is required.

Answers and Explanations

1.
Original: His long awaited novel has finally been published.
Correct : His long-awaited novel has finally been published.

Because "long" and awaited" combine to modify "novel," they should be linked with a hyphen.

2.
Original: I attended my high school reunion last weekend.
Correct : I attended my high school reunion last weekend.

"High school" is one of a class of terms called permanent open compounds, which are found in dictionaries and are so common as to be clear in meaning without the necessity of an inserted hyphen.

3.
Original: The middle aged demographic includes people ages 45–64.
Correct : The middle-aged demographic includes people ages 45–64.

"Middle" and "aged" together modify "demographic" and should be hyphenated.

4.
Original: Before she starred in the movie, she was not very well known.
Correct : Before she starred in the movie, she was not very well known.

"Well known" is a phrasal adjective, but when a phrasal adjective follows the noun it modifies (or, in this case, the noun is omitted but implied), a hyphen is generally not used.

5.
Original: He was a widely respected researcher.
Correct : He was a widely respected researcher.

The phrasal adjective in this sentence includes an adverb, "widely"; adverbs are never hyphenated.

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