Punctuation Exercise (380)

Edit the following sentences to provide any necessary punctuation (American style) in the following sentences. Missing punctuation includes: apostrophes, hyphens, periods, commas, and quotation marks.

Answers and Explanations

1.
Original: The states bat population is in danger from WNS the park ranger told us as we toured Devils Den State Park.
Correct : "The state’s bat population is in danger from WNS," the park ranger told us as we toured Devil’s Den State Park.

Enclose direct quotations in quotation marks. Show possession with an apostrophe s. Initialisms like WNS (White Nose Syndrome) are written without periods.

2.
Original: Many well intentioned reforms said Dr Maxwell have had deleterious effects upon public education.
Correct : "Many well-intentioned reforms," said Dr. Maxwell, "have had deleterious effects upon public education."

Enclose a direct quotation in quotation marks; set off the attribution with commas when it occurs in the middle of the quoted material.

3.
Original: The James Smith family emigrated from Fife Scotland to Canada in 1831.
Correct : The James Smith family emigrated from Fife, Scotland, to Canada in 1831.

When both a city’s name and that city’s state or country’s name are mentioned together, the state or country’s name is treated as a parenthetical element and is set off from the rest of the sentence with commas.

4.
Original: During our book inventory we counted 1700 novels 1279 play anthologies and 300 miscellaneous titles in French.
Correct : During our book inventory, we counted 1,700 novels, 1,279 play anthologies, and 300 miscellaneous titles in French.

An introductory phrase is set off with a comma. Commas are used in number groupings of more than three numerals. For example: 1,700; 10,000.

5.
Original: Her next novel will be available in November 2015.
Correct : Her next novel will be available in November 2015.

This sentence was correct originally. No comma is needed when a date is expressed as month and year.

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