Verb Tense Exercise (341)

The following sentences require verbs in either the present perfect or the simple past; for example, have written (present perfect); wrote (simple past). Using the verbs in parenthesis, provide the tense that suits the context (removing the parentheses).

Answers and Explanations

1.
Original: The children (watch) the car complete its circuit through the car wash.
Correct : The children watched the car complete its circuit through the car wash.

Simple past describes an action that took place and was completed at a specific time in the past. The time need not be mentioned.

2.
Original: Their dog (escape) its pen five times this month.
Correct : Their dog has escaped its pen five times this month.

Present Perfect suggests more actions are possible.

3.
Original: Gloria (visit) Paris several times so far this year.
Correct : Gloria has visited Paris several times so far this year.

Present Perfect suggests the process is not complete and more actions are possible. An adverb like "so far" is a clue that the action could be repeated.

4.
Original: Peggy (love) reading ever since she was five years old.
Correct : Peggy has loved reading ever since she was five years old.

Present perfect is used to describe an action that began in the past and continues into the present. An adverb like "since" is a clue that the action continues.

5.
Original: T. S. Eliot (study) philosophy at the Sorbonne from 1910 to 1911.
Correct : T. S. Eliot studied philosophy at the Sorbonne from 1910 to 1911.

The simple past is used to describe an action that was completed at a specific time in the past. A "from-to" date is a clue that the action has been completed.

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