Gerund or Participle Exercise (330)
Decide if the -ing word in boldface is a gerund (a verbal used as a noun) or a participle (a verbal used as an adjective (modifier).
Answers and Explanations
1. Even poor readers enjoy hearing a good story.
Hearing is the object of the verb enjoy.
2. Leaning against a mast, Long John Silver smiled enigmatically at Jim and the Squire.
Leaning modifies Long John Silver.
3. Adults who have not read Treasure Island will do themselves a favor by trying it; it’s a wonderful book.
Trying is the object of the preposition by.
4. He had found a longish fir-tree lying felled and trimmed in the enclosure.
Lying modifies fir-tree.
5. John had cut through a bulkhead unobserved and had removed one of the sacks of coin, worth perhaps three or four hundred guineas, to help him on his further wanderings.
Wanderings is the object of the preposition on.