Present Participle Exercise (306)

The present participle form of the verb has several functions. Choose the function that it has in each of the following sentences.

  • The tight collar was pinching Mr. Darcy’s neck.

  • Running away from the zombie, the girl collided with a vampire.

  • Dreaming about being a best-selling writer will not get your novel written.

  • English instruction in the public schools has been declining since the 1960s or earlier.

  • My father believes that complaining is a moral flaw.

Answers and Explanations

1. The tight collar was pinching Mr. Darcy’s neck.

Correct: verb
With the helping verb was, pinching forms a continuous tense.

2. Running away from the zombie, the girl collided with a vampire.

Correct: adjective
Running introduces an adjectival phrase modifying girl.

3. Dreaming about being a best-selling writer will not get your novel written.

Correct: noun (gerund)
Dreaming introduces a gerund phrase that functions as the subject of the verb "will get written."

4. English instruction in the public schools has been declining since the 1960s or earlier.

Correct: verb
With the helping verbs "has been," declining forms the present perfect continuous tense.

5. My father believes that complaining is a moral flaw.

Correct: noun (gerund)
Complaining is a noun (gerund) that functions as the subject of the being verb is.

Related Articles

Subscribe to our articles and exercises