Adjective and Adverb Phrases Exercise (229)

Prepositional phrases are used to tell more about nouns and verbs. When they add meaning to a noun, they are called "adjective phrases"; when they modify a verb, they are called "adverb phrases." Decide if the prepositional phrases indicated by boldface type are adjective phrases or adverb phrases.

  • A cabin in the woods was the home of Thoreau for a period of two years.

  • By immersing himself in nature, Thoreau hoped to gain a more objective understanding of society.

  • Thoreau explained the reason for his woodland experiment this way: "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life."

  • Thoreau reflects on the women and children who seem to enjoy the pond more than men.

  • Although he writes in favor of vegetarianism, Thoreau recognizes that Indians need to hunt and kill moose for survival.

Answers and Explanations

1. A cabin in the woods was the home of Thoreau for a period of two years.

Correct: adjective phrase
The adjective phrase tells more about the cabin.

2. By immersing himself in nature, Thoreau hoped to gain a more objective understanding of society.

Correct: adverb phrase
The adverb phrase is modifying the gerund "immersing." It tells where he immersed himself.

3. Thoreau explained the reason for his woodland experiment this way: "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life."

Correct: adjective phrase
The adjective phrase is qualifying "reason." It expands on the meaning of "reason."

4. Thoreau reflects on the women and children who seem to enjoy the pond more than men.

Correct: adverb phrase
The adverb phrase is modifying "reflects."

5. Although he writes in favor of vegetarianism, Thoreau recognizes that Indians need to hunt and kill moose for survival.

Correct: adverb phrase
The adverb phrase is modifying the verb infinitives "to hunt and kill." It tells why.

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