Present Participle Exercise (184)
Decide if the -ing word in each of the following sentences is being used as a verb, an adjective, or a gerund. For example:
The cook was whipping the cream by hand. (verb, used with "was" to form continuous past)
Blushing deeply, Charlie stuttered his request. (adjective, describing "Charlie")
As a boy, he loved collecting stamps. (gerund, object of the verb "loved)
Answers and Explanations
1. When we dropped in on Mother, she was watching The Price is Right.
With the auxiliary was, watching forms the past continuous tense.
2. How do you feel about sharing an apartment?
Sharing is a gerund, functioning as the object of the preposition about. Like a verb, it has an object, "an apartment."
3. Running as fast as he could, the boy followed the departing car.
Running functions as an adjective, describing boy. Like a verb, it is modified by an adverbial element, "as fast as he could."
4. His wife hates his smoking in the house.
Smoking is a gerund functioning as the object of hates. It is modified by the adverb phrase "in the house."
5. Moving house can be as traumatic as a divorce.
Moving is a gerund functioning as the subject of the verb can be. It takes the object "house."