Latinate Abbreviations Exercise (18)

All but one of the following sentences demonstrate incorrect style for abbreviations from Latin; revise the sentences as necessary:

Answers and Explanations

Latinate abbreviations have precise, distinct uses, and though it is useful for writers to understand their differences, writers should consider using the translated equivalents (such as "for example," "that is," and, well, "such as").

1.
Original: Vehicles are classed in various categories (i.e., cars, trucks, and SUVs).
Correct : Vehicles are classed in various categories (e.g., cars, trucks, and SUVs).

The abbreviation i.e. is used introduce a clarification; e.g. is used to introduce examples.

2.
Original: Sections of books classified as adventure, comedy, drama, etc. are organized alphabetically.
Correct : Sections of books classified as adventure, comedy, drama, etc., are organized alphabetically.

The abbreviation etc. is parenthetical and should therefore be framed by a pair of commas when it appears in the middle of a sentence.

3.
Original: Various weather conditions produce different types of precipitation (e.g., rain, sleet, snow, etc.).
Correct : Various weather conditions produce different types of precipitation (e.g., rain, sleet, and snow).

Another correct revision is "Various weather conditions produce different types of precipitation (rain, sleet, snow, etc.)." The abbreviation e.g. is used to introduce a partial list, and etc. indicates an incomplete list, so they are redundant to each other.

4.
Original: It’s not a question of conservative vs. liberal.
Correct : It’s not a question of conservative vs. liberal.

This sentence is correct, though in formal writing, versus is usually spelled out.

5.
Original: Samsung, Nokia, et. al. will do well to take note.
Correct : Samsung, Nokia, et al. will do well to take note.

In the phrase et al., al. is an abbreviation of alia, but et is a full word and should not be followed by a period.

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