If Clauses Exercise (111)
The type of "if" clause known as "first conditional" is used to express a condition that is possible and even likely to be fulfilled in the future. The most common verb tenses used with this type of conditional statement are simple past in the "if" clause and future tense in the other clause. It does not matter which clause comes first. Choose the correct sentence from each pair:
Answers and Explanations
1. If you study my book on birds, you will learn how they fly.
The incorrect sentence contains a past tense verb, a clue that it is not first conditional.
2. A person will get ahead in life if he works hard.
The "if" clause may come after the main clause.
3. If you meet me at the free court this afternoon, we can play a pick-up game of basketball.
Although will is the usual verb in this kind of clause, the modal can may also be used. You could also say, If you meet me at the free court this afternoon, we could play a pick-up game of basketball.
4. Rain is forecast. You know you’ll get wet if you go now, don’t you?
Would is not normally used with the first conditional.
5. If I miss lunch, I’ll have more money to spend on lottery tickets.
I’ll is a contraction for I will.