English Grammar 101: Parts of Speech

By Maeve Maddox

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A word is a “part of speech” only when it is used in a sentence. The function the word serves in a sentence is what makes it whatever part of speech it is.

For example, the word “run” can be used as more than one part of speech:

Sammy hit a home run. (run is a noun, direct object of hit)

You mustn’t run near the swimming pool. (run is a verb, part of the verb phrase must (not) run)

Here is a simple overview of the English parts of speech and what they do. Each part of speech is linked to an DWT article that tells more about it.

NOUN – Nouns are naming words. We can’t talk about anything until we have given it a name.

PRONOUN – A pronoun is a word that stands for a noun.

VERBS – The verb is the motor that runs the sentence. A verb enables us to say something about a noun.

ADJECTIVE – An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

ADVERB – An adverb adds meaning to a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

PREPOSITION – a preposition is a word that comes in front of a noun or a pronoun and shows a connection between that noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence

CONJUNCTION – a conjunction joins words and groups of words.

INTERJECTION — An interjection is a word or phrase thrown into a sentence to express an emotion, for example, Homer Simpson’s “Doh!”

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15 Responses to “English Grammar 101: Parts of Speech”

  • Muhammad Tariq Javed

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  • Pax Felix

    What about such things as infinitives, gerunds, and gerundives? Are these addressed in another post?

  • Mochtar

    It’s lovely to find this web. though we do not have background in English literary but all documents so helpful and give much benefits for me to talkative as if I am a native, even my original background as Javenese soundly influenced more.

    But, is any article due management thinking of speaking as a native? As we try to share English communication for our partner but seem difficult for them to absorb that idea……………………………

  • Shakespeare

    You forgot thy holy infinitive.

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  • Sekyen

    How about morphology and syntax of english language?

  • Akunna

    I am an English teacher. I will introduce my colleagues.

  • chaminda

    i am not a native speaker I need to Improve my daily discussion in english there for i need a diologue list in speake

  • Aliyu Imam Bello Jushi(abjay) +2348036691594

    Its a pleasure to find a site like this but my problem is i still have confusion over the difference between traditional and modern classifications of english parts of speech. I need more clarrification please.

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