Words to Describe the Highest Point of Achievement

By Mark Nichol

How does one express the greatest degree of success? Multiple optimal words are available to choose from.

Several terms refer literally to mountaintops. Peak, perhaps an alteration of pike, meaning “a short point or spike,” refers figuratively to a high point one has reached among other achievements, just as a mountain peak is often one among many. Pinnacle derives from the Latin term pinna, meaning “battlement” or “wing”; the figurative sense can connote an unsteady height one reaches by sudden success. Summit, ultimately from the Latin term summus, meaning “highest” (and related to sum and summary), suggests the highest possible position; in addition, to summit, in mountain climbing, is to reach a mountain peak, and a summit is a meeting or conference involving government leaders.

The Greek term akme means point,” and acme has acquired the connotation of perfection. Apex, a Latin word for the tip of an ancient Roman priest’s cap, came by association to refer to mountaintops, similar-looking architectural features, and figurative high points. Climax, from the Greek word klimax, meaning “ladder,” denotes the high point in a series of events, whether in a work of fiction or in one’s lifetime. Culmination, from the Latin verb culminare, meaning “crown” (related to the Latin word from which column is derived), implies that one has achieved a high point as a result of a series of preceding accomplishments.

Zenith, like its antonym nadir, is from Arabic; the word it stems from means “road or path” and is an abbreviation of a phrase meaning “the way over the head.” Zenith is still used in an astronomical sense to refer to the highest point overhead, and figuratively, it describes a high point of achievement. Another term borrowed from astronomy is apogee, ultimately from the Greek term apogaios, meaning “far away from the earth”; it refers an orbiting object’s farthest distance from the object’s origin but also pertains terrestrially to the highest point reached.

A high point is also described as a capstone, from an architectural term for the highest stone in an arch. Other terms include crown, as used in adjectival form in the phrase “crowning achievement,” and the phrase “high-water mark,” a reference to the highest level a body of water reaches during high tide or a flood. One can also refer to the crest of one’s career or fame; crest derives from the Latin term crista and has the literal senses of a ridge or top, or a plume or tuft of feathers or hair.

Optimum, adopted directly from Latin, is a noun as well as an adjective, but it refers to the greatest degree attainable or most favorable conditions and does not apply, for example, to achievements.

Click here to get access to 800+ interactive grammar exercises!


Share


3 Responses to “Words to Describe the Highest Point of Achievement”

  • Dale A. Wood

    Hi, Mark,
    This is a wonderful article about improving one’s vocabulary on this subject. I am enjoying it a lot, and I thank you.
    When it comes to astronomical terms from the Greek, there are some nice ones beside “apogee”. “Aphelion” refers to that farthest-away point in a body’s (elliptical) orbit around the sun: e.g. a planet, an asteroid, a comet, or a manmade spacecraft. There are some similar terms that do not see so much use: apojove (fathest from Jupiter), apolune (fathest from the Moon), apocynthion (farthest from Venus), and some Greek term that means “fathest from Mars”, which we need to look up.

  • Dale A. Wood

    Concerning Wiley Coyote and the Roadrunner:
    When Wiley was trying to catch the Roadrunner, he always mail-ordered “helpful” stuff from the Acme Company, and none other! Acme boomerangs, Acme earthquake pills, Acme tornado pills (just add water!), Acme bow and arrows, Acme roller skates, Acme motorcycle helmets, Acme glue, and on and on.
    Besides the brand name “Acme”, none of these products ever did Wiley any good, and 99 percent of them backfired on him. LOL

  • Dale A. Wood

    The University of Alabama, and especially its campus in Tuscaloosa, has long been referred to the “Capstone of Higher Education” in Alabama. There is a good historical reason for this because for many decades, the University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) was the only University in the entire state. People even used the phrase “The University” to this school.
    In a way, this ended in 1960 when the state Legislature “promoted” the Alabama Polytechnic Institute to “Auburn University” (named for its town of location). Most of the residents of the state who had ties to the University of Alabama were upset by this change, and people have continued to refer to it as the “Capstone of Higher Education”.
    Over the years, the Legislature has “promoted” many of the State Colleges, for example, the Univ. of South Alabama, the Univ. of Northern Alabama, the Univ. of West Alabama, Alabama State University, and Alabama A&M University. Also, the Univ. of Alabama acquired campuses in Birmingham and Huntsville, and Auburn University got a branch campus in Montgomery, and a private college in Birmingham became Samford University (not Stanford).
    Samford is known for having a pharmacy school, a nursing school, and a law school, besides its foundation in the arts, sciences, and education.

Leave a comment: