English Grammar 101: Parts of Speech

By Maeve Maddox

A word is a “part of speech” only when it is used in a sentence. The function the word serves in a sentence is what makes it whatever part of speech it is.

For example, the word “run” can be used as more than one part of speech:

Sammy hit a home run. (run is a noun, direct object of hit)

You mustn’t run near the swimming pool. (run is a verb, part of the verb phrase must (not) run)

Here is a simple overview of the English parts of speech and what they do. Each part of speech is linked to an DWT article that tells more about it.

NOUN – Nouns are naming words. We can’t talk about anything until we have given it a name.

PRONOUN – A pronoun is a word that stands for a noun.

VERBS – The verb is the motor that runs the sentence. A verb enables us to say something about a noun.

ADJECTIVE – An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

ADVERB – An adverb adds meaning to a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

PREPOSITION – a preposition is a word that comes in front of a noun or a pronoun and shows a connection between that noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence

CONJUNCTION – a conjunction joins words and groups of words.

INTERJECTION — An interjection is a word or phrase thrown into a sentence to express an emotion, for example, Homer Simpson’s “Doh!”

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15 Responses to “English Grammar 101: Parts of Speech”

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  • Pax Felix

    What about such things as infinitives, gerunds, and gerundives? Are these addressed in another post?

  • Mochtar

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    But, is any article due management thinking of speaking as a native? As we try to share English communication for our partner but seem difficult for them to absorb that idea……………………………

  • Shakespeare

    You forgot thy holy infinitive.

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  • Sekyen

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  • Aliyu Imam Bello Jushi(abjay) +2348036691594

    Its a pleasure to find a site like this but my problem is i still have confusion over the difference between traditional and modern classifications of english parts of speech. I need more clarrification please.

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